Sustainable development begins from sustainable thinking. Before you begin building, do take a good idea of the direction of the breeze and sun at different times of the day. Speculate how seasons would change the course of the wind and light, and then build accordingly to optimize on the breeze and natural light, thus saving electricity consumption. Apart from this, here are few more points you may want to keep track of:
1) Re-Use whatever you can.
2) Dispose of material in a responsible manner. Recycle whatever you can.
3) Use effective insulation.
4) Try and use as much solar energy as possible.
5) See if you can create a small rainwater catchment and use that water for irrigating gardens.
6) If possible, create a roof garden to keep the interiors cooler.
7) Choose native plants that are accustomed to the climate, as they would require less water and maintenance
8) Refurbish furnishings to reduce landfills
9) Locate rooms most used (kitchen, lounge and bedrooms) on the side of the house orientated to the North. Locate rooms to take advantage of winter sun and cooling summer breezes. Thermal mass can be achieved by locating utility areas (laundries, bathrooms and garages) on the south or west where possible, avoid locating sleeping rooms on the west.
10) Consider window size and placement to promote and enhance cross- ventilation to the south, east and west.
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