The Straight Line – this is most suited for small narrow spaces. In this layout, all the work area is set against a single wall. The production chain is linear. It is cost-effective and looks sleek. However, this kind of layout does not provide for adequate work and storage space.
The Galley – in this kitchen plan is flanked by work platforms on either side. Many consider this to be an ideal layout in terms of efficiency. Less movement per task. The only major drawback is that if the space is too narrow, the space would get easily crowded.
The U-shaped Kitchen – this type of design is ideal for a large space. It has platforms running along three walls, forming a U. this design provides for a lot of work and storage space. However if the space between the platforms is too wide, the travel distance during a normal cooking process will be too long and could be tiring.
The Island Kitchen – the distinct feature of this kitchen layout is that there is a counter in the middle of the room. This type of plan requires a huge amount of space, but it works well for families that spend a lot of time in the Kitchen. Also, this layout works well in planning commercial kitchens.
Here are some standard measurements you could follow as thumb rules.
• Width of platform – 24″
• Thickness of stone used for platform – 1 ½ ”
• Thickness of platform skirting – 1″- 4″
• Height of base unit – 34 ½ ”
• Width of base unit – 24″
• Distance between platform and overhead wall unit – 24″
• Height of wall unit from counter – 18″
• Width of wall unit – 9″-18″
• Thickness of shelves – 3/4″
• Maximum total height from the floor to overhead cabinets – 78″
Fire and Ventilation
Since Kitchens are synonamous with smoke and fumes, one should provide for efficient ventilation and the best way of doing this is with large windows. Where this is not possible, exhaust fans and chimneys are practical alternatives.The exhaust should be placed close to the hob and should have a separate plug point.
If you are planning on installing a chimney, the ducting has to be done in the initial stages of renovation itself. It should be placed directly over the hob at a minimum distance of 24″. Ideally, it should be fitted on an exterior wall.
Here are some Vastu tips you must consider:
- The Kitchen should be in the South-East corner of the house as the Element Fire governs in that direction. However, the North-West could be taken as an alternative.
- Ideally, the hob should be placed in the South-East in such a way that while cooking the person faces the East.
- Water should be in the opposite direction of the cooking gas.
- Avoid placing the dining table in the center of the kitchen, and place it in the North-west direction, if possible.
- Electric equipment like microwave, oven or refrigerator should be placed in South-west.
- The slope of the water flow should be from Southwest towards Northeast.
- The exhaust fan should be installed either in the Northwest corner or the South wall.